Biography

Bahadur Shah Zafar Biography and History

Mirza Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar (24 October 1775 – 7 November 1862) was the last Mughal emperor. He was the second son[1] of and became the successor to his father, Akbar II, upon his death on 28 September 1837. He was a nominal Emperor, as the Mughal Empire existed in name only […]

Biography

Bahadur Shah I Biography and History

Bahadur Shah (Urdu: بہادر شاه اول‬‎—Bahādur Shāh Awwal) (14 October 1643 – 27 February 1712), also known as Muhammad Muazzam and Shah Alam[1] was the seventh Mughal emperor of India, ruled from 1707 until his death in 1712. In his youth, he conspired to overthrow his father Aurangzeb, the sixth Mughal emperor, and ascend to the throne […]

Biography

Alamgir II Biography and History

Aziz-ud-din Alamgir II (6 June 1699 – 29 November 1759), (عالمگير ثانی) was the Mughal Emperor of India from 3 June 1754 to 29 November 1759. He was the son of Jahandar Shah. Aziz-ud-Din, the second son of Jahandar Shah, was raised to the throne by Imad-ul-Mulk after he deposed Ahmad Shah Bahadur in 1754. […]

Biography

Shah Jahan Biography and History

Mirza Shahab-ud-din Baig Muhammad Khan Khurram[3] (5 January 1592  – 22 January 1666),[7] better known by his regnal name Shah Jahan (Urdu: شاہ جہاں ‬‎), (Persian:شاه جهان “King of the World”),[8] was the fifth Mughal emperor, who reigned from 1628 to 1658.[9] Shah Jahan was widely considered to be the most competent of Emperor Jahangir’s […]

Biography

Jahangir Biography and History

Mirza Nur-ud-din Beig Mohammad Khan Salim مرزا نور الدین محمد خان سلیم, known by his imperial name (جہانگیر) Jahangir (31 August 1569 – 28 October 1627), was the fourth Mughal Emperor who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627. His imperial name (in Persian, means ‘conqueror of the world’, ‘world-conqueror’ or ‘world-seizer’ (Jahan: world; […]

Biography

Humayun Biography and History

Nasir-ud-Din Muḥammad (Persian: نصیرالدین محمد‬‎, translit. Nasīr-ad-Dīn Muhammad; 6 March 1508 – 27 January 1556), better known by his regnal name, Humayun (Persian: همایون‬‎, translit. Humāyūn), was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled over territory in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India and Bangladesh from 1530–1540 and again from 1555–1556. Like his […]

Biography

Jahandar Shah Biography and History

Mirza Mu’izz-ud-Din Beig Mohammed Khan (9 May 1661 – 12 February 1713),more commonly known as Jahandar Shah, was a Mughal Emperor who ruled for a brief period in 1712–1713. His full title was Shahanshah-i-Ghazi Abu’l Fath Mu’izz-ud-Din Muhammad Jahandar Shah Sahib-i-Quran Padshah-i-Jahan (Khuld Aramgah).[citation needed] Sailendra Sen describes him as “a worthless debauch [who] became […]

Biography

Babur Biography and History

Babur (Persian: بابر‬‎, translit. Bābur, lit. ‘Lion’;[2][3] 14 February 1483 – 26 December 1530), born Zahīr ud-Dīn Muhammad, was the founder and first Emperor of the Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent. He was a direct descendant of Emperor Timur the Great (Tamerlane) from what is now Uzbekistan.[4][5] Babur was the eldest son of Umar Sheikh Mirza, governor […]

Biography

Farrukhsiyar

Farrukhsiyar Abu’l Muzaffar Muin ud-din Muhammad Shah Farrukh-siyar Alim Akbar Sani Wala Shan Padshah-i-bahr-u-bar (Shahid-i-Mazlum), or Farrukhsiyar (20 August 1685…